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Abstract requirments

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I.I. Ivanov1, P.P. Petrov1, M.A. Kuleshov1

1Chuvash State Agricultural Academy, Russia, Cheboksary

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Abstract. In this work, we conducted in vitro and in vivo studies of biocomposites based on hydroxyapatite and lactic acid ...


Introduction.  The body of your abstract begins here. It should be an explicit summary of your presentation that states the problem, the methods used, and the major results and conclusions. Download these directions as a MS Word document and use it as the template for your abstract as it contains all necessary formats and styles. The content of the abstract will be the basis for acceptance of the presentation at the conference.

Research methods. This section should include a concise description of the process by which you conducted your research.

Results. The results or outcomes of the work you have done.

Conclusion.  Finally, your abstract should close with a statement of the project’s implications and contributions to its field. It should convince readers that the project is interesting, valuable, and worth investigating further. In particular, it should convince conference registrants to attend your presentation.

Figures and tables must be included in the main text and must be individually numbered and captioned. Illustrations should be sharp and clear. Place figures and tables centered. Captions should be placed below figures and above tables. They are typed in Times New Roman 10, in italics, and centered.

Example of table

Table 1–Title, Times New Roman, 10 Pt, Italic



Probability (1)


Probability (2)








very low



Example of figure


Fig. 1. Title, Times New Roman, 10 Pt, Italic



  1. Bearak, B. (2001) India quake leaves legacy of chaos thousands vie for space on trains to flee a land of fear and misery. International Herald Tribune.
  2. Fredrickson, B. L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention & Treatment, no. 3, Article 0001a. Retrieved November 20, 2000, from http://journals.apa.org/prevention/volume3/pre0030001a.html
  3. VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates [Electronic version]. Journal of Bibliographic Research, no. 5, pp. 117–123.
  4. GVU's 8th WWW user survey. (n.d.). Retrieved August 8, 2000, from http://www.cc.gatech.edu/gvu/usersurveys/survey1997-10/
  5. Borman, W. C., Hanson, M. A., Oppler, S. H., Pulakos, E. D., & White, L. A. (1993). Role of early supervisory experience in supervisor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, no. 78, pp. 443–449. Retrieved October 23, 2000, from the PsycARTICLES database.